清除Linux缓存

Writing to this will cause the kernel to drop clean caches, dentries and
inodes from memory, causing that memory to become free.

To free pagecache:
echo 1 > /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches
To free dentries and inodes:
echo 2 > /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches
To free pagecache, dentries and inodes:
echo 3 > /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches

As this is a non-destructive operation and dirty objects are not freeable, the
user should run `sync’ first.

[root@server test]# cat /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches
0

/proc/sys/vm/drop_caches的值,默认为0
简单说,清除系统对内存的cache,使用root做下面几步:

sync; echo 3 > /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches
sync; echo 0 > /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches

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